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CV or resumé


CV (Curriculum Vitae) or resumé is a short, individual summary of your work and life experience. In job seeking the CV is your calling card, which quickly and clearly shows to the employer what kinds of skills and knowledge and experience you have to offer. It is a personal life description which aims at convincing the employer that you are the answer to his problems. The CV consists of several parts. The order and headings of them can vary, but there are certain basic subsections the CV should have. In addition to required data there are certain recommended voluntary information sections that can be attached to a CV.


Drawing up a CV

The CV is tailored according to the job and situation (it is recommended that you draft a basic CV which can be edited and kept up-to-date). Pay attention to the appearance of the CV. Make it neat and easy to read.

  • Give an active and effective impression of yourself; use verbs describing action.
  • Be concrete: describe your job titles, your education, your linguistic skills, IT skills etc.
  • Make your resumé chronologically gapless: it is unnecessary to cover up gaps in your work history such as unemployment periods, maternity leave and so on. Think of the useful things you have done and how you have developed yourself during such periods.
  • Reserve enough of time to draw up your CV.
  • Make it look like you. Don't copy readymade patterns but collect from them hints for your own CV.


The most important information in your CV

Contact information: Your contact information should be put in a visible place, for instance the top left corner. If you wish to, you can attach your photograph to the top right corner.

Personal information: On principle it is enough that you give your name and contact information. At your discretion you can add your date and place of birth, marital status and number of children.

Education: your education is your most important merit, if you are newly graduated. It is recorded chronologically inversely so that your latest education stands first on the list. You should list your degree, degree programme, specialisation and the school you have graduated from. In applying for certain jobs, the title and grade of your final project can be useful.

Work experience: Of work experience, the employer, period and job title are mentioned together with a brief description of work tasks and responsibilities. Only the essential is given of the work experience. You can highlight some skills or experiences you have acquired. Work experience also is recorded chronologically inversely. It is advisable that you write down all work experience relevant to the job you are applying for.


Recommended information

Your knowledge and skills: This is the most important part of your CV. Here you describe what you are good at, what you know and what your strengths are. Describe the things you do well and which you are especially good at. Give grounds for why these things are your specialities or how you have acquired these special skills. This is the information that will make you stand out from the rest of the applicants.

Achievements: If you have special achievements (prizes, trophies, honorary mentions etc.) in work or extracurricular activities, they should be mentioned separately in a subsection of their own. Even this information will make you stand out.

Continuing education: Continuing and additional education information is essential, if it dates back to the last five years and is connected to the job you are applying for.

Linguistic skills: Describe your linguistic skills for instance on a scale from excellent to basics. You can also recount in which situations you have been using your linguistic skills and what kind of situations you can handle in different languages. Also describe how you keep up your skills, and give details on your oral and written skills in languages. If you have some degrees or diplomas in languages, mention them. Don't be too modest when assessing your skills.

IT skills: The employer is interested in your IT skills in order to assess your current situation and knowledge, and your eventual need of further training. Describe your IT skills through examples and the applications you master.

Research work: This is a vital section when you are applying for a job that requires research experience or special knowledge in a certain field. Write down the research project(s) and your task within it (them).

Publications: If you have published something, don't forget to mention it!

Conscript service: Write down when and where you did your conscript service, and your military rank.


Optional sections

(These sections come at the end of your CV and can vary according to purpose. Choose for your CV the sections that best highlight your knowledge, experience and special skills.)

Trustee positions / organizational activities: Bring out your trustee positions in case you have little of work experience in your field, or if they enhance your chances of getting the job. All extracurricular activity is usually to your credit and shows you as an active person.

Hobbies: By describing your hobbies you give the employer a picture of your personality. Mention a few hobbies that bring you out as an active person, especially if they somehow support carrying out the job tasks.

Experience abroad: International experience prepares you for the challenges of internationalisation in business and can be an important asset in the competition for the job.

References: You can ask your former employers, teachers and other such persons (who can say something about you as an employee) to be your references. The best references are persons that the potential employer knows. Give the name, title, organisation and telephone number of the references. Always remember to ask the reference for his/her permission! References are mentioned as the last item in the CV.


A good CV

  • Is distinct and neat
  • Describes the what, where and when of your accomplishments
  • Describes clearly what you know and can
  • Is easy to read
  • Is flawless
  • Is always up-to-date
  • Is tailored according to the applied job